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Yazd ,the city of wind catchers

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Yazd, the capital of Yazd province is located approximately in the center of Iran with an altitude of 1230 meters above sea level . According to the last census in 2016 the population of Yazd was 637,473 .Yazd is the 15th large city in Iran

 

Yazd ,the city of wind catchers

The historical city of Yazd is registered by UNESCO as a world heritage site in 2017. Like some  other cities in Iran ,Yazd is surrounded by desert . Because of generations adaptions since ancient times it has a unique Persian desert architecture including wind catchers (Badgir), roofed bazaar and narrow alleys , cisterns (Ab Anbar),Ice storages(Yakhchal) and very clever engineering system of underground water canals(Qanat)  .

Yazd is also well known for the largest population of Zoroastrians in Iran .Zoroastrianity  had been the official religion before Arab invasion of Iran .

Termeh is the most famous handicraft in Yazd which is a kind of hand woven silk fabric.

Yazd is also famous for its local sweets like Qottab, Baklava, Hajibadam, and Pashmak.

The name of the city derived from Yazdegerd a Sasanid king of Persia. During the Arabs conquest many Zoroastrians migrated to Yazd from different provinces .By paying an Islamic tax (Jazieh) to the Moslems Yazd was allowed for Zoroastrians to stay but Islam slowly became the dominant religion in the city in the later centuries.

What makes Yazd different from the other historical cities is the well remained and renovated historical houses with Adobe architecture through the labirents of the neighborhood of Fahadan.

Thanks to the heritage organization nobody is allowed to destroy the hoses in order to build brand-new buildings through the historical neighborhood of Yazd. The owners could just renovate their houses and shops in the same old appearance with the same material, Adobe ,clay and straw which are the best materials for desert houses.

Unfortunately today architects do not pay attention to the climate to build a building. In the past they used the materials available in the area which is surprisingly match the climate .When you stay in this kind of houses you do not need air conditioners even in 45 degree centigrade because of the materials, the thick walls ,the wind towers ,the under ground rooms and the direction of the houses to keep the interior part in shade .In this kind of

 

houses each side of the house is suitable to live in a special season , a clever heating and cooling system without wasting fossil fuels and electricity.    

 

 

Unfortunately today architects do not pay attention to the climate to build a building. In the past they used the materials available in the area which is surprisingly match the climate .When you stay in this kind of houses you do not need air conditioners even in 45 degree centigrade because of the materials, the thick walls ,the wind towers ,the under ground rooms and the direction of the houses to keep the interior part in shade .In this kind of houses each side of the house is suitable to live in a special season , a clever heating and cooling system without wasting fossil fuels and electricity.    

 

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